The Secret of Challah – How to Separate Challah

How to Separate Challah

Braiding Instructions

Four-Strand Challah | Festive Knot Rolls | Round Challah for Rosh Hashanah” | Figure-Eight Rolls | Star-of-David Challah | Grape-Shaped Challah

Four-Strand Challah

1.    Divide dough into 4 equal parts. Knead each part into a smooth ball and  roll each ball into a ropelike strand. Lay the strands side by side and pinch together at the top.

2.     Grasp the leftmost strand and pass it to the right, under the two strands adjacent to it, and then back toward the left, over one strand (the one closest to it now).

3.     Grasp the rightmost strand and pass it to the left, under the two strands adjacent to it (which have already been braided), and then back to the right, over one strand.

4.     Alternately repeat steps 2 and 3.

5.     When done braiding, pinch the ends of the strands together.

Festive Knot Rolls

1.   Form a ball of dough and roll it into a long, ropelike strand, about 12 inches (30 cm) long and 1 inch (about 2 cm) in diameter.

2.   Form a loop with one long end and one short end, as shown.

3.   Thread the long end through the loop.

4.   Pinch the two ends together on the bottom of the roll.

Round Challah for Rosh Hashanah

https://pjlibrary.org/beyond-books/pjblog/august-2018/how-to-braid-a-round-challah-for-rosh-hashanah

1. Shape the dough into six strands of equal length.

2. Lay three strands horizontally on a floured surface, then weave the other three strands into them vertically. Lift the bottom strands as needed to weave the top strands in. The ends of the strands will stick out.

3. Now braid the ends together on all four sides.

4. Gently tuck the braided edges underneath the middle section. Voila! A round challah!

Braid a Round Challah for Rosh Hashanah

Figure-Eight Rolls

Challah Figure-Eight Rolls

Challah Figure-Eight Rolls

1.   Form a ball of dough and roll it into a long, ropelike strand, about 12 inches (30 cm) long and 1 inch (about 2 cm) in diameter.

2.   Arrange the strand as shown.

3.   Grasp the short end in your left hand, and with your right hand pass the long end under the short end. Thread the long end through the loop, from the top of the roll to the bottom.

Star-of-David Challah

Grape-Shaped Challah

Grape-Shaped-Challah

Grape Shaped Challah

from:http://www.secretofchallah.com, https://pjlibrary.org

How to Separate Challah

Halachos of Hafrashas Challah

From the OU Orthodox Union January 18, 2008 https://oukosher.org/blog/consumer-kosher/halachos-of-hafrashas-challah/#fn150302750550cf4c73e2e89

Which items require Hafrashas Challah? If one bakes bread, cake, crackers, or cookies with flour from the five grains, one must separate challah. This is true whether one prepares a thick or a thin (pourable) dough.1 It is generally assumed that the five grains are wheat, barley, oats, spelt, and rye. If one bakes with other grains there is no obligation to separate challah.

The Dough: Challah is not separated from some loose batters and sweet pastries (as opposed to a heavy batter/dough, like that of bread or babka).. Therefore, when baking cakes and pastries in quantities large enough to warrant challah being taken, consult with a competent rabbinic authority.

The Flour: Challah is separated when the dough is made of one or more of the following five grains: wheat, rye, barley, oat or spelt.

The Liquid: Any liquid content of the dough qualifies to require separating Challah (e.g. water, oil, juice, eggs etc.). However, in order to definitely be able to recite the blessing, some of the liquid content should be water. Therefore, when baking a recipe that does not call for water, it is advisable to nevertheless add a little water into the mix.

The Dough: Challah is not separated from some loose batters and sweet pastries (as opposed to a heavy batter/dough, like that of bread or babka).. Therefore, when baking cakes and pastries in quantities large enough to warrant challah being taken, consult with a competent rabbinic authority.

How much do I have to bake? If one bakes with the volume of 43 1/5 beitzim of flour, one must be mafrish challah.2 There is a difference of opinion when translating this amount into contemporary terms. According to some opinions, one is obligated to separate challah when kneading dough that contains more than 2 2/3 pounds of flour.3 Others have the practice to separate challah only if the dough is made with close to four pounds of flour. However, the common practice is to recite a beracha only if five pounds of flour is used in the dough.

The Quantity: In order to separate challah and recite the blessing, the dough should contain at least 59 ounces of flour (i.e. 3 lbs. 11 oz., or 1 and 2/3 kilograms). If the amount of flour is between 43 (2 lbs. 11 oz.) and 59 ounces (1.230 to 1.666 kilograms), challah should be separated without a blessing. But if the dough contains less than 43 ounces of flour, challah is not separated.

When is the hafrasha done? When baking bread or a cake with a thick dough, one should separate challah after kneading the dough but before the bread is baked.4 However, when baking a cake with a batter that can be poured, the challah is separated after the cake is baked.5

When separating challah for several batches of dough at one time (when each one contains the shiur challah), all of the dough should be in close proximity to each other at the time of the declaration. If the dough is not in a bowl or container, it is sufficient for all of the dough to be in the same room as the person who is separating the challah. However, if the batches of dough are in bowls or containers, one should be careful (לכתחילה) that while separating the challah the bowls should be open and touching.7

However, if one or all of the containers does not contain the shiur challah, this method does not suffice.8 In such a situation, one should place all of the dough into one large container before separating challah. Similarly, if one bakes several small batches of bread or cake and then puts them all together in a bag, container, or freezer,9 one must separate challah if the combined batches make up a shiur challah. For example, if one baked cookies in three separate batches with each batch containing two pounds of flour and he then placed all of the cookies into a cookie jar, one must separate challah from the cookies.10

From Chabad.org https://www.chabad.org/multimedia/video_cdo/aid/1924092/jewish/Do-It-Yourself-Taking-Challah.htm
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Do-It-Yourself Taking Challah

How to separate challah from dough

https://www.chabad.org/1924092

1. Place the dough in front of you, before it has been formed into any sort of shape.

If you are separating challah from a loose batter, or if you forgot to separate challah before baking, see “Separating Challah After Baking.”
2. Some have the custom to give charity or wash hands (netilat yadayim) without a blessing before fulfilling the mitzvah.[Your hands are now in a state of Taharah (ritual purity)]

This is a favorable time for personal requests and prayers (see prayers for Hafrashat Challah).
3. Recite the blessing.

It is the custom to stand while performing this mitzvah.

Hebrew:

[ברוך אתה יְיָ אלהינו מלך העולם אשר קדשנו במצוותיו וציונו להפריש חלה [מין העיסָה

Transliteration:
BA-RUCH A-TAH A-DO-NOI ELO-HAI-NU ME-LECH HA-O-LAM A-SHER KID-SHA-NU B’MITZ-VO-TAV V’TZI-VA-NU L’HAF-RISH CHAL-LAH

Translation:
Blessed are You, L-rd our G‑d, King of the Universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to separate challah.

Ashkenazim:

Separate Challah Prayer-Ashkenazim:

Separate Challah Prayer-Ashkenazim:

Sephardim:

Separate Challah Prayer-Sephardim:

Separate Challah Prayer-Sephardim:

4. Remove a small piece from the dough, lift it, and say:

Separate Challah Prayer-Say-This is Challah

Separate Challah Prayer-Say-This is Challah

The piece of dough can be of any size. The custom is to separate a kazayit – 28 grams (approximately one ounce), or the size of a ping-pong ball. [If you have made Aliyah to Israel and there is the Beit Hamikdash go to step 6]

5. Burn the separated dough or wrap it in two layers and discard it.

It is preferable to burn the piece of dough that has been separated, but not in the oven. If the challah is burned on the gas range, it should first be well wrapped in aluminum foil so that the dough does not touch the grate. Another option is to place the piece of dough inside a tin-can and burn it on a lit gas range.
If burning the challah cannot easily be done, it may be wrapped in two layers of a material such as aluminum foil or plastic bags and discarded.

6. Contact The Temple Institute to locate a Kohen in your Area.

 

 

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